No, this isn't an article about how hot you are (or think you are) - although if that's what you came here for, we won't judge. We're talking about body temperatures and when they become hospital-worthy.
You see, the human body is a complex machine with all sorts of mechanisms to keep its temperature within a narrow range. But sometimes those mechanisms fail, be it due to illness or environmental factors or even sheer bad luck. And when that happens, your body temperature can get dangerously high or low - something that definitely warrants seeking medical attention.
But first things first - how do you know if your body temperature is outside the normal range? What exactly is normal for humans anyway? Buckle up (or strip down?) because we're going on a ride through thermoregulation and fever statistics.
The Basics of Thermoregulation
Our bodies like to be around 98.6°F/37°C - this number might sound arbitrary but there's actually some neat science behind it. That's the optimal temperature for most enzymes that drive chemical reactions in our cells; higher than that and they start denaturing (breaking down) which can lead to cell death and tissue damage.
So keeping our internal temp at ~100°F/37°C-ish is pretty important! Luckily our bodies have several ways of doing just that:
Ah yes, sweat - the bane of everyone who wears light-colored clothing in summer. It might seem gross but sweating serves two important purposes: evaporative cooling via water loss from skin surface & heat conduction from blood vessels closer to skin surface.
Basically as sweat evaporates into air it absorbs heat energy from our skin taking it away into atmosphere & blood vessels broaden allowing more warm blood closer contact w/skin cooling thus heating & helping dissipate heat from body.
Shivering might seem counterintuitive to warm up but if you think about it, it makes sense. When our muscles contract they generate heat energy which gets spread through body helping raise our temperature back to normal range.
Blood Vessel Dilation/Constriction
Nerves regulate dilation & constriction of blood vessels bringing more or less warmth close the surface of the skin; when in cold environment area may constrict allowing fibers so let little energy escape with high precision.
We also release hormones that affect how our body generates and uses heat - for example adrenaline can increase metabolic rate causing us to feel "hot under collar"!
What is Normal Body Temperature?
So we know why thermoregulation matters a lot and what are some mechanisms involved, what exactly is a "normal" human body temp? This turns out not to be such an easy question as you might think.
First of all there's natural variation between individuals - one person's perfect temperature could be slightly different than another due genetic factors. Second even within same individual there can exist variation by time-of-day (normally lower morning higher late afternoon) Other things which influence basal metabolicrate like sleep deprivation or recent exercise activity.
That being said most people hover around 98-100°F/36.5–37.7°C range at least during daytime hours +/- .4°F/.2°C degrees up/down shouldn't cause concern either way depending on your other symptoms
Now if ORAL basil METRO BOOMIN(I am assuming nobody get this reference) temps go much beyond this threshold then something unusual probably going on inside 🙁 Keep in mind though that public digital temp scanners sometimes give false readings due external purposes (like scans forehead instead mouth discrepancies sometimes reach degree!). Bottom line here: method accuracy important-if using thermometer need established calibrations check reading against second machine make sure lucky coincidence isn't misleading information).
The bigger picture point I'm trying to make: extent deviation need prompt intervention hospital care depends in part your history of medical problems, usual health status and overall symptoms experience.
Dangers of Hyperthermia
Now that we have a grasp on human body temps, let's talk about what happens when things get outta control. Specifically, hyperthermia - when our body temperature becomes too high (above 100°F/37.7°C).
Heat Exhaustion & Cramps
When heat start imposing excessive burden allows exhausted sweat production mechanism or comes faster than evaporative rate Acute dehydration causes cramps or can even induce vomiting while heat stroke is extremely risky condition when brain has been damaged due fever surges.
Symptoms also generally include looks kinda like anxiety nervousness over-warmth/faint feeling-be alert don't ignore these cries for help!
While uncomfortable and unpleasant enough on their own, both conditions are relatively non-life-threatening if addressed quickly w hydration/oral electrolyte replacement strategies + rest/adjuvant pharmaceutical anti-cramping oral therapy
Zinc,copper,manganese,magnesium all essential mineral supplements making typical dietary eating exerience easier & contributing avoid muscle spasms reduced-twitching contrast low levels!
Heat stroke is another beast altogether though - this occurs when thermoregulatory mechanisms are completely overwhelmed resulting in body temp rise >104°F/40° C +/- incredible overwhelming confusion change behavior seizures difficulty rational thought causing delusions or eventually leading stupor induced coma
If someone experiencing symptoms do not try any home remedies that could cause further damage; seek medical attention as soon as possible! In meantime offer cool fluids along with wet towel application around neck/fan cooling aide.
If you delay seeking medical aid for HOURS it will typically lead to permanent mental cognitive dysfunction Once diagnosed time-sensitive emergency situation requiring ICU services stay calm the patient needs calm reassurance now more than ever! The survival rate with treatment still bad but without it ranges between 20-30%.
Hypothermia: When Our Bodies Get Too Cold
While hyperthermia tends to get more attention from the media, hypothermia - when our body temp drops too low (below 95°F/35°C) — is no less serious for all that funny dumbass terms reddit probably wishes they could upvote.
Early Stage Hypothermia
Early signs of hypothermia are pretty gentle with subtle vision consciousness effects / maybe numbness tingling cold looking extremities but as things progress into severe conditions symptoms will become increasingly concerning such as slurred speech lack whole body coordination difficulties walking unaided shivering getting frozen stiffness/or even muscle failure causing usual activities like swallowing chewing cause extreme exhaustion.
water loss quickly leading dehydration progressing sometimes leading rehydration solutions. In early stages mild wear warm clothing provide external heat sources optimize food intake favorite comfort foods like fruits high in sugar calories actually helpful not burdening digestive track!
For example taking pick-me-up snack options with glucose profiled daily helps metabolism later demand & creates honest not just immune system company staff while avoiding requiring musculoskeletal energy!
Embarrassingly enough You may hear about how alcohol can keep you warm when its cold outside! Undeniably Ethanol included potentially produce what seen counter-intuitive blood vessel dilation starting ok normal drunken state unfortunately this merely progresses down path toward fatal end one mistakes and forgetting consider cardinal underlying root cause can & will come back bite your ass!
Here's an important thing to note though: hypothermic patients often suffer "paradoxical undressing" where due mental fog effects feel WAY too hot start taking off layers warmer clothes increase affected exposure mortality risk sadly thereeven reports people going out naked snow environment because mistake think already permanent heat stroke stage and NOT knowing their physical condition had instead turned far-frozen!
If someone seems flagging inside a cold environment seek help be cognizant potential danger zones-shiverin usually sign seek warmth in sheltered areas with crucial cold-activated metabolism enhancing nutritional maintenance!
At this point things are getting real bad - severe hypothermia means a body temp below 95°F/35°C and all the accompanying dangers. This includes slowed heart/breathing rates, uncontrolled shivering and severe confusion which may progress to coma irregular heart rhythm seizure prone catastrophic organ system failure.
When Is it Time for Hospital Help?
Alright, so we've covered what "normal" human body temps are, why they matter (hint: enzymes!), what can happen when those temps get too high or low (death), and what symptoms to look out for. Now onto perhaps the most important question: when should you seek professional help when your temperature goes wonky?
The following table lists some situations where seeking hospital assistance is advised:
|Fever above 102°F/38.9°C||Especially if accompanied by other concerning symptoms like dehydration or confusion|
|Persistent High/Low Temp Readings for longer than week w/o obvious explanation|
|Abrupt onset of fever accompanied w/yellow sneeze discharge|
( Often do not meet exact criteria agreement between medical staff on bio-individual risk assessments generally advisable )
If any of these scenarios sound familiar l could very well still encourage prompt hospital transport don't hesitate insurance money spent here will always be wise choice later down line trust yourself alerting others nearby before it gets worse.
The bottomline takeaway from this article is simple folks: our bodies like being around ~98?F/~37 degree Celsius Just as one should dial 911 rapidly & without hesitation upon witnessing someone suffering acute cardiac arrest(sudden collapse/seizures); likewise extreme hyper/hypothermic deviation ultimately best dealt by emergency-trained healthcare specialists!!