Ah, screaming. That one word can evoke a lot of different emotions in people. Some may cringe at the mere thought of hearing it, while others feel unbridled joy at letting out a good yawp (bonus points if you get that reference). But have you ever stopped to wonder: what's going on behind the scenes when we scream? What makes our vocal cords produce those ear-splitting sounds, and why do we sometimes find it so cathartic? Today, we're peeling back the curtain on this sonic spectacle to explore some fascinating (and sometimes slightly embarrassing) facts about the science of screaming.
Part 1: Anatomy of a Scream
Before we dive into why humans scream like banshees, let's first take a look at how exactly our vocal cords work. Here are some key players in this melodic madhouse:
Also known as the voice box, this is where all the vocalizing magic happens. It contains muscles and cartilage that hold together two thin folds called vocal cords. When air flows past these vibrating cords, they produce sound - which can be modified by other parts of your throat (like your tongue and lips) to form words.
Fun Fact: In men, the larynx sits lower in their neck than in women - hence why many guys have deeper voices!
These little flaps are only around 2cm long by default (!!!), made up mostly of proteins elastin & collagen fibers; but when they tense or relax according to changes determined by specialized cells within them (inner network erythrocytes) , depending on respiratory patterns because having enough air volume 'squeezing' inside depends then directly correlates with tightened or relaxed tension cause tone level fluctuations during phonation allowing us to produce a wide range of tones.
Fun Fact: Your vocal cords can actually vibrate up to 1,000 times a second when you speak - that's some serious muscle action!
To sound properly resonate or powerful enough signals need an echo-chamber in which they can bounce around and so amplifying their loudness...in this case some air-filled spaces. The larger the resonating cavity (like your chest), the lower the pitch/ frequency will be since it takes longer for each sound boomeranged back by these places.,smaller cavities promote higher pitches just like what happens with wind/musical instruments.
Together, these three components work in harmony to create all kinds of sounds - from singing sweet nothings to belting out primal screams.
Part 2: Why Humans Scream?
Of course, not all screaming is created equal. Sometimes we yell in excitement or joy ("Oh my GOD, I won the lottery!"), while other times our screams are born out of fear, anger or frustration. So why do humans scream in different situations? Here are some reasons:
The most essential reason behind any sort of verbalization is communication where scream comes off as an 'immediate attention grabbing' technique due its sudden abruptness and high-pitch nature making it efficient even during calming busy/distractive environments such as construction sites/streets/public areas; helping people get heard above low-level background noise. For e.g : Emergency sirens use same principle where eye-catching visual cues aren't super effective alone so alarms are accompanied by piercing wails
A hollering/screaming session might also be helpful if you've been feeling stressed,take it as chance to release pent-up frustrations / unbearable episode for sometime.,often gives immediate relief from stress hormones such cortisol... 🙂 & helps relax facial muscles strenghtening endorphins levels which bring in positive attitude/mood likely rewarding this behavior to seek it again next time life stressors build up.
Sometimes when we sense danger, our body's "fight or flight" response kicks in, and yelling can be a part of that. By making loud noises, we might startle an attacker - or at the very least alert others nearby who could assist us. (Ever heard someone scream "fire!" to warn people in a burning building?)
Fun Fact: There are actually self-defense classes out there that teach techniques for screaming effectively - such as projecting from your diaphragm and using short bursts of sound to disorient an attacker.
Part 3: Scream Queens (and Kings)
Let's take a closer look now at some specific types of screams you may have heard through the years...
The Wilhelm Scream
If you've watched any action movies lately, chances are you've been screamed at by Wilhelm. This stock sound effect dates back to 1951 and has been used thousands (!!) of times since then; Its origin is attributed Murray Spivack and voiced by actor-singer Sheb Wooley it initially appeared on Distant Drums with other scream variations played along cinema epoch.The Hollywood tradition easily became classic joke among aficionados spanning action / adventure genres especially #StarWars/IndianaJones franchise films sprouting parody memes across internets.
Fun Fact: You don't need anyone else around to hear Wilhelm's howls —some creative personahs made MIDI format files starting singing its glorious praises!
The Tarzan Yell
One way you know there was absolutely no budget for audio effects? They used some guy doing his best imitation of an ape call over scenes...Luckily It worked too well! This iconic yell first debuted legendary jungle man character portrayed Johnny Weissmuller early days talking cinema , but remained pervasive throughout years in pop-culture where it became a true hallmark of hollywood's 'Golden Era.'
Fun Fact: The famous "Tarzan" cry has been performed by numerous actors over the years, but most people might not have heard its original creator: famed voice artist Johnny Weissmuller himself.
The Scream Queen
This sub-genre emerged on 70s &80s horror films depicts innocent looking actresses becoming tormented/victimized by antagonists imbuing fear into audience hearts. Actress Jamie Lee Curtis is considered as one definitive scream queen after appearing classic 'Halloween';though she went on to play non-damsel-in-distress character roles too.,other top players includes Helen Mirren,Pamela Voorhees..
Part 4: Anatomy Of Screaming
Now that we know why and how humans scream, let's get back to some nitty-gritty details about what actually takes place when you open up your vocal cords to let those wails escape.
First off, volume or loudness depends highly on air velocity control involved holistically between inter-coordination among breathing support and muscle tension harmony surrounding laryngeal area..slowly building pressure within respiratory frame sets ,then directed through compressed section within trachiobronchial tree embarking lung alveoli creating pressurized aerodynamic power for producing LOUDER noises!
Fun Fact: Humans are capable of shouting so loudly that we actually produce shock waves - which are similar in intensity to an explosion!
When it comes down to changing notes while screaming variety pitches (so say goodbye monotone cries!), It really boils all just down proper stressing/tensing/relaxing targeted muscles structures along with subtle adjustments in tongue placement relative lips movements oral airflow control optimizing these changes augment higher/lower frequencies taking advantage increased or decreased speed itself makes changes present also amplifying them further through enhancements done in vocal cords patterns.,and thusly brings modification to waveforms experienced listeners.
Fun Fact: The Guinness World Record for the highest scream belongs to a woman named Jill Drake, who was able to hit an ear-piercing 129 decibels (!!) during an official attempt back in 2000. Ouch...
Part 5: Screaming Health Hazards
As satisfying as screaming can be, there are some potential risks involved - especially if you're prone to doing it excessively or at unsuitable times (i.e.: your office cubicle). Here are few examples of what could happen:
Yelling for extended periods may make voice hoarse... which eventually becomes uncomfortable after prolonged engagement disrupting daily chores and tempting increase pressure treating harsher leading into serious problems such as polyps/ nodules merely due chronic laryngeal abuses over time!
Strained Vocal Cords
Similarly speaking/screaming on lot with little rest causes same muscular strains fatigues leading restriction/damage resonance future performances worsening overall health voice muffling effects even Silence them temporarily aka Voice Rest is only remedy.
Fun Fact: Even animals can suffer voice damage when they scream too much (just watch any nature documentary about a pack of wolves howling loudly)!
It might sound like fun & games but constantly exhibiting aggressive vocalizations done on each stressful stimulus seeking attention influences negatively states authority among workplace always choose right moment manner expressing emotions appropriately rather than giving off bad impression just randomly throwing out daffy duck impressions...,creating environment palatable-cooperation/conducive respectable communication methods within settings keeping cool/calm while helping others reduce stress levels around causing positive collaborative outcomes everybody benefits from aren't ya agree?!
So there you have it: everything we ever wanted (or didn't want) to know about why humans scream! Next time you get the urge to let out a blood-curdling yell, take a moment to appreciate all the intricate biology and psychology that's going on under the surface. And if anyone ever tries to judge you for your screaming habits, just send them this article - they'll be thanking you for an educational experience in no time 😉